Chronic resveratrol consumption improves brachial flow-mediated dilatation in healthy obese adults

R.H.X Wong, Narelle Berry, Alison Coates, Jonathon Buckley, Janet Bryan, Iris Kunz, Peter Howe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    97 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: We have previously demonstrated acute dose-dependent increases of flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in the brachial artery after resveratrol consumption in mildly hypertensive, overweight/obese adults. Resveratrol supplementation has also been shown to increase cerebral blood flow acutely, without affecting cognition. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of chronic resveratrol supplementation on both FMD and cognitive performance. Method: Twenty-eight obese but otherwise healthy adults (BMI: 33.3±0.6kg/m 2) were randomized to take a single 75 mg capsule of trans-resveratrol (Resvida) or placebo daily for 6 weeks each in a double-blind crossover supplementation trial. Blood pressure, arterial compliance, FMD, and performance on the Stroop Color-Word Test were assessed at the end of each 6-week intervention period while fasted and at least 18 h after taking the last daily capsule. An additional capsule of the same supplement was then taken. FMD assessment was repeated 1 h later. Results: Chronic resveratrol supplementation for 6 weeks was well tolerated and resulted in a 23% increase in FMD compared with placebo (P = 0.021, paired t-test). The extent of increase correlated negatively with baseline FMD (r= -0.47, P=0.01). A single dose of resveratrol (75 mg) following chronic resveratrol supplementation resulted in a 35% greater acute FMD response than the equivalent placebo supplementation. These FMD improvements remained significant after adjusting for baseline FMD. Blood pressure, arterial compliance, and all components of the Stroop Color-Word Test were unaffected by chronic resveratrol supplementation. Conclusion: Daily resveratrol consumption was well tolerated and has the potential to maintain healthy circulatory function in obese adults.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1819-1827
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Hypertension
    Volume31
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

    Keywords

    • Bioactive nutrients
    • Cognition
    • Flow-mediated dilatation
    • Obesity
    • Resveratrol
    • Vascular function

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  • Cite this

    Wong, R. H. X., Berry, N., Coates, A., Buckley, J., Bryan, J., Kunz, I., & Howe, P. (2013). Chronic resveratrol consumption improves brachial flow-mediated dilatation in healthy obese adults. Journal of Hypertension, 31(9), 1819-1827. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0b013e328362b9d6