Climate change not to blame for late Quaternary megafauna extinctions in Australia

Frédérik Saltré, Marta Rodríguez-Rey, Barry Brook, Christopher Johnson, Christian Turney, John Alroy, Alan Cooper, Nicholas Beeton, Michael Bird, Damien Fordham, Richard Gillespie, Salvador Herrando-Pérez, Zenobia Jacobs, Gifford Miller, David Nogués-Bravo, Gavin Prideaux, Richard Roberts, Corey Bradshaw

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    91 Citations (Scopus)


    Late Quaternary megafauna extinctions impoverished mammalian diversity worldwide. The causes of these extinctions in Australia are most controversial but essential to resolve, because this continent-wide event presaged similar losses that occurred thousands of years later on other continents. Here we apply a rigorous metadata analysis and new ensemble-hindcasting approach to 659 Australian megafauna fossil ages. When coupled with analysis of several high-resolution climate records, we show that megafaunal extinctions were broadly synchronous among genera and independent of climate aridity and variability in Australia over the last 120,000 years. Our results reject climate change as the primary driver of megafauna extinctions in the world's most controversial context, and instead estimate that the megafauna disappeared Australia-wide ∼13,500 years after human arrival, with shorter periods of coexistence in some regions. This is the first comprehensive approach to incorporate uncertainty in fossil ages, extinction timing and climatology, to quantify mechanisms of prehistorical extinctions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number10511
    Pages (from-to)Art: 10511
    Number of pages7
    JournalNature Communications
    Publication statusPublished - 29 Jan 2016


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