Clinical and functional outcomes for risk-appropriate treatments for prostate cancer

Tenaw Tiruye, Michael O'Callaghan, Kerry Ettridge, Kim Moretti, Alex Jay, Braden Higgs, Kerry Santoro, Ganessan Kichenadasse, Kerri Beckmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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Objectives: To describe real-world clinical and functional outcomes in an Australian cohort of men with localised prostate cancer according to treatment type and risk category. 

Subjects and methods: Men diagnosed from 2008 to 2018 who were enrolled in South Australian Prostate Cancer Clinical Outcomes Collaborative registry—a multi-institutional prospective clinical registry—were studied. The main outcome measures were overall survival, cancer-specific survival, decline in functional outcomes, biochemical recurrence and transition to active treatment following active surveillance. Multivariable adjusted models were applied to estimate outcomes. 

Results: Of the 8513 eligible men, majority of men (46%) underwent radical prostatectomy (RP) followed by external beam radiation therapy with or without androgen deprivation therapy (EBRT +/− ADT) in 22% of the cohort. Five-year overall survival was above 91%, and 5-year prostate cancer-specific survival was above 97% in the low- and intermediate-risk categories across all treatments. Five-year prostate cancer-specific survival in the active surveillance group was 100%. About 37% of men with high-risk disease treated with RP and 17% of men treated with EBRT +/− ADT experienced biochemical recurrence within 5 years of treatment. Of men on active surveillance, 15% of those with low risk and 20% with intermediate risk converted to active treatment within 2 years. The decline in urinary continence and sexual function 12 months after treatment was greatest among men who underwent RP while the decline in bowel function was greatest for men who received EBRT +/− ADT. 

Conclusion: This contemporary real-world evidence on risk-appropriate treatment outcomes helps inform treatment decision-making for clinicians and patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)109-120
Number of pages12
JournalBJUI Compass
Issue number1
Early online date12 Sept 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024


  • biochemical recurrence
  • health outcomes
  • prostate cancer
  • quality of life
  • survival


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