Clinical and symptom scores are significantly correlated with fecal microbiota features in patients with symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease: A pilot study

Charlotte Kvasnovsky, Lex Leong, Jocelyn Choo, Guy Abell, Sav Papagrigoriadis, Kenneth Bruce, Geraint Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background There is growing consensus that symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease is a chronic inflammatory condition, and that alterations in the fecal microbiota may contribute to its pathogenesis. Objective The aim of this study was to relate the fecal microbiota composition in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease to measures of inflammation, symptoms, and history of previous acute diverticulitis. Participants and methods Fecal microbiota composition in 28 individuals with symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease was characterized by 16S RNA gene amplicon sequencing. Microbiota composition was related to clinical history, symptom and inflammation measures, and demographic variables. Results Previous acute diverticulitis was associated with higher relative abundance of Pseudobutyrivibrio, Bifidobacterium, Christensenellaceae family, and Mollicutes RF9 order (P=0.004, 0.006, 0.010, and 0.019, respectively), but not microbiota alpha or beta diversity. A higher bloating severity score was significantly correlated with a higher relative abundance of Ruminococcus (P =0.032), and significantly inversely correlated with the relative abundance of the Roseburia (P= 0.002). Fecal calprotectin levels were positively correlated with alpha diversity (Shannon index, P=0.005) and the relative abundance of Lactobacillus (P =0.004). Pain score was positively correlated with the relative abundance of Cyanobacterium (adjusted P =0.032). Conclusion Patient symptoms in symptomatic diverticular disease are significantly correlated with features of the fecal microbiota. Our findings suggest the potential utility of therapies that target intestinal microbiology, such as dietary prebiotic supplements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Akkermansia
  • Diverticular disease
  • Fecal microbiota

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