Eleven patients with CNS cryptococcal infection are reviewed. The most prominent symptom was headache, present in all patients. The clinical manifestations were the direct result of the meningitis itself or a consequence of intracranial cryptococcal granulomata or hydrocephalus, these latter 2 complications being demonstrable on CT head scan. In the 2 patients who also had MRI scans, additional parenchymal lesions were revealed which had not been detected by CT. Combined amphotericin B and 5-fluorocytosine therapy was the treatment of choice, but in 3 patients fluconazole was also used. Chronic oral therapy with this agent has maintained a good clinical response in one patient who failed to respond to traditional antifungal therapy.
|Number of pages
|Clinical and experimental neurology
|Published - 1989