Co-Designing a New Yoga-Based Mindfulness Intervention for Survivors of Stroke: A Formative Evaluation

Tharshanah Thayabaranathan, Maarten A. Immink, Susan Hillier, Rene Stolwyk, Nadine E. Andrew, Philip Stevens, Monique F. Kilkenny, Emma Gee, Leeanne Carey, Amy Brodtmann, Julie Bernhardt, Amanda G. Thrift, Dominique A. Cadilhac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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Movement-based mindfulness interventions (MBI) are complex, multi-component interventions for which the design process is rarely reported. For people with stroke, emerging evidence suggests benefits, but mainstream programs are generally unsuitable. We aimed to describe the processes involved and to conduct a formative evaluation of the development of a novel yoga-based MBI designed for survivors of stroke. We used the Medical Research Council complex interventions framework and principles of co-design. We purposefully approached health professionals and consumers to establish an advisory committee for developing the intervention. Members collaborated and iteratively reviewed the design and content of the program, formatted into a training manual. Four external yoga teachers independently reviewed the program. Formative evaluation included review of multiple data sources and documentation (e.g., formal meeting minutes, focus group discussions, researcher observations). The data were synthesized using inductive thematic analysis. Three broad themes emerged: (a) MBI content and terminology; (b) manual design and readability; and (c) barriers and enablers to deliver the intervention. Various perspectives and feedback on essential components guided finalizing the program. The design phase of a novel yoga-based MBI was strengthened by interdisciplinary, consumer contributions and peer review. The 12-week intervention is ready for testing among survivors of stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalNeurology International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Co-design
  • Community-based intervention
  • Evaluation research
  • Qualitative evaluation
  • Stakeholder engagement
  • Stroke


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