Collisional deactivation of a selected energy level in S0 p-difluorobenzene embedded in a dense vibrational field: Absolute rate constants for a variety of collision partners

Warren D. Lawrance, Alan E.W. Knight

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33 Citations (Scopus)


Absolute rate constants are reported for collisional relaxation from the 52302 level (εvib=2036 cm-1) of S0(1Ag)p-difluorobenzene into the relatively dense surrounding field of S0 vibrational levels (6-8 per cm -1). The relaxation is induced by a bath of foreign gas at 300 K under bulb conditions. A total of 23 collision partners have been studied. Stimulated emission pumping (SEP) is used to populate the 5230 2 level selectively. Single vibronic level fluorescence (SVLF) from the S1 level 302, generated by exciting the 5 203022 transition at a variable delay time (85-260 ns) after 52302 preparation, is used to monitor the population dynamics of 52302. The equivalent cross sections deduced from the rate constants for vibrational relaxation with foreign gas M range from one quarter of the hard sphere value for M=He to 2.7 times hard sphere for M=(C2H5)2O. These are an order of magnitude larger than the cross sections normally found for vibrational relaxation in ground electronic states of smaller molecules, however, they correlate well with cross sections observed in excited states of related aromatics. The absolute magnitude of the vibrational relaxation rate constants observed for S0 p DFB are well reproduced for all but the lightest collision partners (He, H2, and D2) by a model based on the Lennard-Jones collision rate coefficient. We conclude that the Lennard-Jones collision frequency, or collision frequencies calculated using similar realistic intermolecular potentials, are a good representative model for calculating vibrational relaxation rates in regions of high vibrational state density. Deviation from the commonly used hard sphere rate coefficient is expected to be most marked at low temperatures (<150 K), but even at 300 K, the hard sphere rate is found to underestimate the vibrational relaxation rate by a factor of 2 for vibrationally complex collision partners.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6030-6042
Number of pages13
JournalThe Journal of Chemical Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 1983
Externally publishedYes


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