Combination of calcium and magnesium ions prevents substrate inhibition and promotes biomass and lipid production in thraustochytrids under higher glycerol concentration

Dilip Singh, Colin Barrow, Munish Puri, Deepak Tuli, Anshu Mathur

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Effect of calcium and magnesium ions was studied in detail in batch mode in shake flask cultures of two fast growing strains of thraustochytrids (Aurantiochytrium sp. DBTIOC-18 and Schizochytrium sp. DBTIOC-1) for biomass and lipid production. These strains were previously isolated from Indian marine biodiversity. Screening of these two strains on different carbon and nitrogen sources revealed the suitability of glycerol over glucose and sodium nitrate over yeast extract for the cultivation of these strains. The presence of higher concentration of glycerol in the medium inhibited the glycerol utilization by the cell thus resulting in lower biomass and lipid production in both the strains. Supplementing media with calcium and magnesium ions promoted glycerol utilization thus resulted in a substantial rise in volumetric production of biomass (55.12 g L -1 , 48.12 g L -1 ), fatty acid for biodiesel (27.14 g L -1 , 22.15 g L -1 ) and docosahexaenoic acid (14.57 g L -1 , 10.12 g L -1 ) with both strains Aurantiochytrium sp. DBTIOC-18 and Schizochytrium sp. DBTIOC-1, respectively. Growth profile study of these two strains showed further improvement in production of biomass, fatty acid for biodiesel and docosahexaenoic acid when cultures were extended up to 7 days. Finding of this work underlines the importance of calcium and magnesium salts in designing new fermentation strategies to prevent substrate inhibition and achieve high cell density culture under high nutrient concentration especially carbon sources.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)202-209
    Number of pages8
    JournalAlgal Research
    Volume15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

    Keywords

    • Calcium carbonate
    • Glycerol
    • Magnesium sulphate
    • Osmotic stress
    • Sodium nitrate
    • Thraustochytrids

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