Current chemoimmunotherapy is unable to cure up to 40% of patients diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Targeting the mechanisms by which DLBCL evades apoptosis is crucial to overcoming treatment failure in this heterogeneous disease as both current and novel treatments depend on the apoptosis of malignant cells. Despite the common overexpression of BCL-2, venetoclax is ineffective in DLBCL due to MCL-1 co-expression. This is driven by pro-growth PI3-kinase signaling, which is promoted in turn by PIM kinases. In this study, the novel dual-kinase inhibitor, IBL-202, was combined with venetoclax against a panel of DLBCL cell lines that have variable expression of pro-survival proteins. The results support the efficacy of simultaneously targeting inter-related molecules to overcome apoptotic escape in this biologically heterogeneous disease. As venetoclax, pan-PIM-kinase and pan-PI3-kinase inhibitors have, or are currently being studied in clinical trials, it may be rational to consider these drugs in combination for the treatment of DLBCL.
- cell cycle and apoptosis
- changes < neoplasia
- drug resistance < neoplasia
- Lymphoma and Hodgkin disease < neoplasia