Combination therapy with mandibular advancement and expiratory positive airway pressure valves reduces obstructive sleep apnea severity

Victor Lai, Benjamin K. Tong, Carolin Tran, Andrea Ricciardiello, Michelle Donegan, Nicholas P. Murray, Jayne C. Carberry, Danny J. Eckert

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Study Objectives

    Mandibular advancement splint (MAS) therapy is a well-tolerated alternative to continuous positive airway pressure for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Other therapies, including nasal expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP) valves, can also reduce OSA severity. However, >50% of patients have an incomplete or no therapeutic response with either therapy alone and thus remain at risk of adverse health outcomes. Combining these therapies may yield greater efficacy to provide a therapeutic solution for many incomplete/nonresponders to MAS therapy. Thus, this study evaluated the efficacy of combination therapy with MAS plus EPAP in incomplete/nonresponders to MAS alone.

    Methods

    Twenty-two people with OSA (apnea–hypopnea index [AHI] = 22 [13, 42] events/hr), who were incomplete/nonresponders (residual AHI > 5 events/hr) on an initial split-night polysomnography with a novel MAS device containing an oral airway, completed an additional split-night polysomnography with MAS + oral EPAP valve and MAS + oral and nasal EPAP valves (order randomized).

    Results

    Compared with MAS alone, MAS + oral EPAP significantly reduced the median total AHI, with further reductions with the MAS + oral/nasal EPAP combination (15 [10, 34] vs. 10 [7, 21] vs. 7 [3, 13] events/hr, p < 0.01). Larger reductions occurred in supine nonrapid eye movement AHI with MAS + oral/nasal EPAP combination therapy (ΔAHI = 23 events/hr, p < 0.01). OSA resolved (AHI < 5 events/hr) with MAS + oral/nasal EPAP in nine individuals and 13 had ≥50% reduction in AHI from no MAS. However, sleep efficiency was lower with MAS + oral/nasal EPAP versus MAS alone or MAS + oral EPAP (78 ± 19 vs. 87 ± 10 and 88 ± 10% respectively, p < 0.05).

    Conclusions

    Combination therapy with a novel MAS device and simple oral or oro-nasal EPAP valves reduces OSA severity to therapeutic levels for a substantial proportion of incomplete/nonresponders to MAS therapy alone.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article numberzsz119
    Number of pages11
    JournalSLEEP
    Volume42
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

    Keywords

    • dental sleep medicine
    • nasal resistance
    • non-CPAP therapies
    • sleep-disordered breathing
    • upper airway

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