The recognition of bidirectional relationships between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among active military service members and US veterans continues to grow. The prevalence of PTSD may be as high as 25% among recently deployed military personnel while the incidence of OSA has shown a 6-fold increase in recent years. Encountering service members presenting with co-occurring symptoms of OSA and PTSD is commonplace in sleep clinics and can pose unique diagnostic and treatment challenges. Importantly, untreated OSA may worsen some PTSD symptoms (i.e., nightmares, insomnia) and may increase the risk for suicidal ideation...
- sleep apnea
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Suicide behaviors