Comorbidities and quality of life in Australian men and women with diagnosed and undiagnosed high-risk obstructive sleep apnea

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Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: In a population-based survey, we determined sex differences in health profiles and quality of life between individuals who have a confirmed diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and those who are at high risk of OSA yet remain undiagnosed. METHODS: An online survey of Australian adults ≥ 18 years (n = 3,818) identified participants with self-reported diagnosed OSA (n = 460) or high-risk, undiagnosed OSA (OSA50 score ≥ 5, n = 1,015). Ever-diagnosed comorbidities, sociodemographics, and quality of life (EQ-5D-5L, Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire-10) were assessed. RESULTS: Women were more frequently represented in the high-OSA-risk group compared with those with diagnosed OSA (55.5%, n = 563, versus 43%, n = 198; P < .001). In sex-specific logistic regression analyses, diagnosed OSA was associated with increased likelihoods of ≥ 1 cardiovascular condition (odds ratio: 3.0; 95% confidence interval: 2.0-4.5), hypertension (1.9; 1.3-2.8), gout (1.8; 1.1-2.9), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (3.8; 2.1-6.9) in men. In women, an association with asthma (2.0; 1.3-3.0) was seen. Diabetes, arthritis, mental health conditions (ever-diagnosed), and all EQ-5D-5L dimensions were associated with an OSA diagnosis regardless of sex, except for EQ-5D-5L anxiety/depression, which was only associated with an OSA diagnosis in women. A diagnosis of OSA was associated with sleepiness-related impairment (lowest quartile of Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire-10) in men (1.6; 1.01-2.5) and women (2.2; 1.4-3.6). CONCLUSIONS: Sex-specific health conditions may drive diagnosis of OSA; however, clinical suspicion of OSA needs to be increased in men and women. The impaired quality of life and persistent sleepiness in participants with diagnosed OSA observed at a population level requires greater clinical attention. CITATION: Krishnan S, Chai-Coetzer CL, Grivell N, et al. Comorbidities and quality of life in Australian men and women with diagnosed and undiagnosed high-risk obstructive sleep apnea. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(7):1757-1767.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1757-1767
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • comorbidities
  • diagnosis
  • epidemiology
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • OSA50
  • sex

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