Passive-elastic foot prostheses cannot produce net work. Consequently, passive-elastic foot prostheses are limited in their ability to enable a biologically-realistic gait pattern in transtibial amputees. This shortcoming results in difficulties in balance and walking and leads to high levels of oxygen consumption during locomotion. A powered prosthesis has the potential for overcoming these problems and allowing transtibial amputees to achieve a biologically-realistic gait pattern. In this study, we compared the effects of the Ceterus by ssur, a traditional passive-elastic prosthesis, with those of the PowerFoot Biom (iWalk, Cambridge, MA), a recently-developed powered prosthesis. Gait biomechanics and metabolic cost were compared in a group of 5 transtibial amputees during level-ground walking. The results provided preliminary evidence that the use of a powered prosthesis leads to a decrease in the level of oxygen consumption during ambulation due to improvements in ankle kinematics and kinetics primarily during late stance. An average decrease in oxygen consumption of 8.4% was observed during the study when subjects used the PowerFoot compared to the Ceterus. An average increase of 54% was observed in the peak ankle power generation during late stance. Our results suggest that powered prostheses have the potential for significantly improving ambulation in transtibial amputees.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Dec 2011|
|Event||33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS - |
Duration: 30 Aug 2011 → …
|Conference||33rd Annual International Conference of the IEEE EMBS|
|Period||30/08/11 → …|