Comparison of an open view autorefractor with an open view aberrometer in determining peripheral refraction in children

Pelsin Demir , Antonio Filipe Macedo , Ranjay Chakraborty, Karthikeyan Baskaran

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Abstract

Purpose
The aim of this study was to compare central and peripheral refraction using an open view Shin-Nippon NVision-K 5001 autorefractor and an open view COAS-HD VR aberrometer in young children.

Methods
Cycloplegic central and peripheral autorefraction was measured in the right eye of 123 children aged 8 to 16 years. Three measurements each were obtained with both Shin-Nippon NVision-K 5001 autorefractor and COAS-HD VR aberrometer along the horizontal visual field up to 30° (nasal and temporal) in 10° steps. The refraction from the autorefractor was compared with aberrometer refraction for pupil analysis diameters of 2.5-mm and 5.0-mm.

Results
The Shin-Nippon was 0.30 D more hyperopic than COAS-HD VR at 2.5-mm pupil and 0.50 D more hyperopic than COAS-HD VR at 5-mm pupil for central refraction. For both pupil sizes, the 95% limits of agreement were approximately 0.50 D for central refraction, and limits were wider in the nasal visual field compared to the temporal visual field. The mean difference for both J0 and J45 were within 0.15 D and the 95% limits of agreement within 0.90 D across the horizontal visual field.

Conclusion
Defocus components were similar between the Shin-Nippon autorefractor and the COAS-HD VR aberrometer with a 2.5-mm pupil for most visual field angles. However, there was a significant difference in defocus component between the Shin-Nippon autorefractor and the COAS-HD VR aberrometer with a 5.0-mm pupil, wherein the autorefractor measured more hyperopia. The astigmatic components J0 and J45 were similar between instruments for both central and peripheral refraction.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Optometry
Early online date10 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Jan 2022

Keywords

  • peripheral refraction
  • autorefraction
  • aberrometer
  • refractive error
  • myopia
  • schoolchildren

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