Purpose: To compare central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and keratometry (K) readings measured using optical low-coherence reflectometry (OLCR) biometry and high-resolution rotating Scheimpflug photography. Setting: Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou, China. Design: Comparative case series. Methods: The CCT, ACD endothelium to lens, ACD epithelium to lens, and K (mean; in flattest meridian; in steepest meridian) were measured 5 times using the LenStar/Biograph OLCR biometer and 3 times with the Pentacam Scheimpflug system in eyes of healthy volunteers. Concordance was evaluated using paired t tests, the Pearson correlation, and Bland-Altman analyses. Results: The CCT, ACD endothelium to lens, and ACD epithelium to lens measured with the Scheimpflug system were slightly, albeit significantly, higher than with the OLCR biometer (P<.05); the respective 95% limits of agreement (LoA) were -8.2 μm to 15.7 μm, -0.11 to 0.15 mm, and -0.13 to 0.17 mm. However, the Scheimpflug system gave significantly flatter readings for K in the flattest meridian (95% LoA, -0.54 to 0.32 diopters [D]), K in the steepest meridian (95% LoA, -0.63 to 0.45 D), and mean K (95% LoA, -0.53 to 0.33 D) (P<.001). The CCT, ACD, and K readings were all highly correlated between the 2 devices (r >0.95, P<.001). Conclusions: The CCT and ACD measurements with the OLCR biometer and Scheimpflug system can be used interchangeably in healthy young subjects. However, for K measurements, these devices have wide LoA so may not be interchangeable under certain clinical circumstances. Financial Disclosure: No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.