Comparison of Blood and Synovial Fluid Th17 and Novel Peptidase Inhibitor 16 Treg Cell Subsets in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Randall Grose, Deborah Millard, C Mavrangelos, Simon Barry, Heddy Zola, Ian Nicholson, Weng Cham, Christina Boros, Doreen Krumbiegel

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    7 Citations (Scopus)


    Objective. Early recognition and treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) can prevent joint damage and minimize side effects of medication. The balance between proinflammatory and anti - inflammatory mechanisms is known to be important in JIA, and we therefore investigated T cell subsets including Th cells, autoaggressive Th17 cells, and regulatory T cells (Treg), including a novel Treg subset in peripheral blood (PB) and synovial fluid (SF) of patients with JIA. Methods. Fifty children with JIA were enrolled in our study. Frequency, phenotype, and function of T lymphocytes in PB and SF were characterized using flow cytometry. Migration capabilities of PB and SF cells were compared. Results. Synovial T cells showed different phenotype and function compared with PB T cells, with an increased proportion of memory T cells, expression of CCR4, CCR5, CXCR3, interleukin 23R, and an increased ratio of Th17 to Treg. Although Treg were increased in SF compared with the PB, we found a significant decrease in the numbers of peptidase inhibitor 16 (PI16)+ Treg in active joints compared with peripheral blood. Coexpression of CCR4 and CCR6 was reduced on PI16+ Treg in PB and SF of patients with JIA compared with healthy children, however the ability of these cells to migrate toward their ligands was unaffected. Conclusion. This is a comprehensive characterization of novel PI16+ Treg and Th17 cells in matched blood and synovial fluid samples of patients with JIA. Despite an increased number of Treg within the inflamed joint, lower numbers of PI16+ Treg but high numbers of Th17 cells might contribute to the inability to control disease. The Journal of Rheumatology

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2021-2031
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Rheumatology
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2012


    • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
    • Peptidase inhibitor 16
    • Th cells


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