Complications of peribulbar anaesthesia include retrobulbar haemorrhage, globe perforation and brainstem anaesthesia. Therefore, this study took measurements relating the proximity of medial canthus to the optic nerve and also the safe angle between orbit and globe using 200 multiplanar reconstructed computed tomography (CT) images of the orbit. The principal results show that in 1.5% of the sample, the optic nerve is within 20 mm of the medial canthus, with a minimum distance of 15 mm. One% have a safe angle of 10 degrees or less between bone and globe. None of the demographic data, nor axial length were predictive of these results. We have shown that there are a minority of patients with unusual orbital anatomy. This places them at a theoretical higher risk of complications. These cases are not currently predicted by measured data.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 30 Apr 2022|
- Computed tomography
- Orbital anatomy
- Peribulbar anaesthesia