Confidence and Accuracy of Eyewitness Identification

Neil Brewer, James Sauer

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The demonstrated fallibility of eyewitness identification evidence has motivated researchers to search for indices of identification decision accuracy. The initial sections of this chapter discusses perceptions of the confidence-accuracy (CA) relationship by lay-persons and decision-makers in the criminal justice system, and then reviews theoretical and empirical investigations of the CA relationship. The chapter highlights areas of convergence and divergence between the legal, theoretical, and empirical perspectives. A significant part of this chapter is spent in addressing a largely ignored issue relating to eyewitness identification confidence: how current identification test practices fail to exploit the applied value of confidence as an index of identification accuracy. Finally, the chapter discusses how theories of recognition memory and confidence processing highlight new-and important-opportunities for using confidence in the criminal justice system. Basic face recognition research revealed a generally linear, positive relationship between ecphoric confidence ratings and the likelihood that a face is previously seen.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationForensic Facial Identification: Theory and Practice of Identification from Eyewitnesses, Composites and CCTV
    Subtitle of host publicationTheory and Practice of Identification from Eyewitnesses, Composites and CCTV
    PublisherWiley-Blackwell
    Pages185-208
    Number of pages24
    ISBN (Electronic)9781118469538
    ISBN (Print)9781118469583
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Confidence and Accuracy of Eyewitness Identification'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Brewer, N., & Sauer, J. (2015). Confidence and Accuracy of Eyewitness Identification. In Forensic Facial Identification: Theory and Practice of Identification from Eyewitnesses, Composites and CCTV: Theory and Practice of Identification from Eyewitnesses, Composites and CCTV (pp. 185-208). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118469538.ch8