Confined aquifers as viral reservoirs

Renee Smith, Thomas Jeffries, Ben Roudnew, Justin Seymour, Alison Fitch, Keryn Simons, Peter Speck, Kelly Newton, Melissa Brown, James Mitchell

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)


    Knowledge about viral diversity and abundance in deep groundwater reserves is limited. We found that the viral community inhabiting a deep confined aquifer in South Australia was more similar to reclaimed water communities than to the viral communities in the overlying unconfined aquifer community. This similarity was driven by high relative occurrence of the single-stranded DNA viral groups Circoviridae, Geminiviridae and Microviridae, which include many known plant and animal pathogens. These groups were present in a 1500-year-old water situated 80m below the surface, which suggests the potential for long-term survival and spread of potentially pathogenic viruses in deep, confined groundwater. Obtaining a broader understanding of potentially pathogenic viral communities within aquifers is particularly important given the ability of viruses to spread within groundwater ecosystems.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)725-730
    Number of pages6
    JournalEnvironmental Microbiology Reports
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013


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