Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Warr, Cook, and Wall's (1979) Job Satisfaction Scale

Brody Heritage, Clare Pollock, Lynne Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Warr, Cook, and Wall's Job Satisfaction Scale (JSS) is a widely used measure of job satisfaction in industrial/organisational (I/O) psychology research and practice. However, the factor structure has not been adequately explored, with two-factor and three-factor solutions previously proposed. This study tested the factor structure of the JSS using robust analysis methods on data gathered from a convenience sample of 381 (females=264, males=116) Australian employees. Confirmatory factor analyses supported a hierarchical three-factor model of job satisfaction in terms of model adequacy coefficients; however, the three factors were highly correlated, thereby rendering a multifactorial approach to the JSS untenable. The results support the continued use of an overall score of job satisfaction when using this measure in I/O psychology research and practice. Further testing of the structure is recommended within a range of employment sectors, as the assumed multifactorial structure of the JSS common in the literature was not supported by the current study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)122-129
Number of pages8
JournalAustralian Psychologist
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015


  • Factor structure
  • Job satisfaction
  • Job Satisfaction Scale
  • Measurement
  • Psychometrics
  • Validation


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