Conflicts, battlefields, Indigenous peoples and tourism: addressing dissonant heritage in warfare tourism in Australia and North America in the twenty-first century

Raynald Lemelin, Kyle Whyte, Kelsey Johansen, Freya Higgins Desbiolle, Christopher Wilson, Steven Hemming

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the omission of Indigenous narratives in battlefields and sites of conflicts while also highlighting how certain battlefields and sites of conflicts have attempted to address dissonant heritage by diversifying interpretation strategies and implementing elements of collaborative management approaches, thereby addressing Indigenous erasure. Design/methodology/approach: The study uses a content analysis, field studies and case studies to examine dissonant heritage in warfare tourism sites involving Indigenous peoples in Australia and North America. Findings: The content analysis reveals that aboriginal erasure is still prevalent within the literature on warfare and battlefield tourism. However, the case studies suggest that dissonant heritage in warfare tourism is being addressed through collaborative management strategies and culturally sensitive interpretation strategies. Research limitations/implications: The content analysis is limited to tourism journals. The case studies highlight sites that are using adaptive management and integrating Indigenous peoples. Practical implications: The study of dissonant heritage and warfare tourism, while relatively young, is beginning to address aboriginal erasure and cultural dissonance; this study is a contribution to this area of research. Social implications: Addressing the impacts of aboriginal erasure and heritage dissonance in colonial settings heals the hurts of the past, while empowering communities. It also provides Indigenous communities with opportunities to diversify current tourism products. Originality/value: This is a collaborative international paper involving Indigenous and non-Indigenous scholars from Australia, Canada, and the USA.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)257-271
    Number of pages15
    JournalInternational Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research
    Volume7
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

    Keywords

    • Australia
    • Battlefield tourism
    • Canada
    • Content analysis
    • Dark tourism
    • Emotional dissonance
    • Heritage
    • Indigenous peoples
    • Tourism
    • United States of America
    • Warfare
    • Warfare tourism

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