Consolidating behavioral and neurophysiologic findings to explain the influence of contextual interference during motor sequence learning

David Wright, Willem Verwey, John Buchanen, Jing Chen, Joohyun Rhee, Maarten Immink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Motor sequence learning under high levels of contextual interference (CI) disrupts initial performance but supports delayed test and transfer performance when compared to learning under low CI. Integrating findings from early behavioral work and more recent experimental efforts that incorporated neurophysiologic measures led to a novel account of the role of CI during motor sequence learning. This account focuses on important contributions from two neural regions—the dorsal premotor area and the SMA complex—that are recruited earlier and more extensively during the planning of a motor sequence in a high CI context. It is proposed that activation of these regions is critical to early adaptation of sequence structure amenable to long-term storage. Moreover, greater CI enhances access to newly acquired motor sequence knowledge through (1) the emergence of temporary functional connectivity between neural sites previously described as crucial to successful long-term performance of sequential behaviors, and (2) heightened excitability of M1—a key constituent of the temporary coupled neural circuits, and the primary candidate for storage of motor memory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Contextual interference
  • Motor learning
  • Motor sequence learning
  • Practice schedule

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Consolidating behavioral and neurophysiologic findings to explain the influence of contextual interference during motor sequence learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this