Continuous flow vortex fluidic-mediated exfoliation and fragmentation of two-dimensional MXene

Ahmed Hussein Mohammed Al-Antaki, Suela Kellici, Nicholas P. Power, Warren D. Lawrance, Colin L. Raston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
45 Downloads (Pure)


MXene (Ti2CTx) is exfoliated in a vortex fluidic device (VFD), as a thin film microfluidic platform, under continuous flow conditions, down to ca 3 nm thin multi-layered two-dimensional (2D) material, as determined using AFM. The optimized process, under an inert atmosphere of nitrogen to avoid oxidation of the material, was established by systematically exploring the operating parameters of the VFD, along with the concentration of the dispersed starting material and the choice of solvent, which was a 1: 1 mixture of isopropyl alcohol and water. There is also some fragmentation of the 2D material into nanoparticles ca 68 nm in diameter.

Original languageEnglish
Article number192255
Number of pages9
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020

Bibliographical note

© 2020 The Authors.Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.


  • Exfoliation
  • Fluid flow
  • MXene


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