Corneal refractive surgery: Past to present

Colm McAlinden

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    54 Citations (Scopus)


    There have been many historical corneal refractive techniques and procedures developed over the years. From early techniques of radial keratotomy to modern excimer laser techniques, the field of refractive surgery is one of the most rapidly developing in ophthalmology. This review details the historical aspects of the many early techniques up to current techniques used on millions of eyes around the world.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)386-398
    Number of pages13
    JournalClinical and Experimental Optometry
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012


    • Epi-laser in situ keratomileusis
    • Epikeratophakia
    • Intrastromal corneal ring segments
    • Keratomileusis
    • Keratophakia
    • Laser in situ keratomileusis
    • Laser subepithelial keratomileusis
    • Photorefractive keratectomy
    • Radial keratotomy


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