Criminal exploitation of online systems by organised crime groups

Kim Kwang Raymond Choo, Russell G. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


This article considers how information and communications technologies (ICT) can be used by organised crime groups to infringe legal and regulatory controls. Three categories of groups are identified: traditional organised criminal groups which make use of ICT to enhance their terrestrial criminal activities; organised cybercriminal groups which operate exclusively online; and organised groups of ideologically and politically motivated individuals who make use of ICT to facilitate their criminal conduct. The activities of each group are then assessed in relation to five areas of risk: the use of online payment systems, online auctions, online gaming, social networking sites and blogs. It is concluded that the distinction between traditional organised crime groups and the other two groups-cybercriminal groups and ideologically/ politically motivated cyber groups-is converging, with financially-motivated attacks becoming more targeted. Legislation will need to adapt to deal with new technological developments and threats that organised criminals seek to exploit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-59
Number of pages23
JournalAsian Journal of Criminology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Blogs
  • Cybercriminal groups
  • Ideologically motivated cyber groups
  • Online auction
  • Online gaming
  • Online payment
  • Organised cybercriminal groups
  • Politically motivated cyber groups
  • Social networking sites


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