Criteria formulation and application: an evaluative framework

Alison Kitson, Gillian Harvey, Sophie Hyndman, Paul Yerrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This paper critically examines how criteria are formulated and applied in quality assurance or quality improvement systems. It begins by drawing attention to the division that exists between criteria derived by so-called expert groups and those developed more locally by practitioners. In seeking to analyse the strengths and weaknesses of these two contrasting approaches, it explores the more fundamental questions of how criteria are formulated in general and how they can best be applied. An evaluative framework is offered as a working checklist for practitioners involved in criteria formulation. The framework identifies three main areas: actual construction of criteria; procedures for formulation and issues related to application. An example of each area is offered from results of the ODySSSy Project. The paper concludes by recommending more systematic studies in this highly complex area
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-167
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Nursing Studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • evaluative framework
  • nursing
  • United Kingdom


Dive into the research topics of 'Criteria formulation and application: an evaluative framework'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this