Cross-cultural studies of temperament: temperament in Greek infants

Michael Kyrios, Margot Prior, Frank Oberklaid, Andreas Demetriou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Three infant cohorts from Greek cultural backgrounds were compared with an Anglo-Australian infant cohort across 9 dimensions of temperament using Australian and Greek versions of the revised Infant Temperament Questionnaire (Cazey and McDevitt 1978). Infants from a Greek cultural background were generally considered to be more 'difficult' than the Anglo-Australian infants on the temperament dimensions of Approach, Adaptability, Mood and Distractibility even after the effects of social class were controlled statistically. The reported cross-cultural differences were discussed with regard to the potential influence on temperament ratings of ethnicity and culture, social status, psychobiological factors, migrant status, social assimilation, and questionnaire characteristics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-603
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Psychology
Issue number1-5
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1989
Externally publishedYes


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