Cr2O3layer inhibits agglomeration of phosphine-protected Au9clusters on TiO2films

Abdulrahman S. Alotabi, Yanting Yin, Ahmad Redaa, Siriluck Tesana, Gregory F. Metha, Gunther G. Andersson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The properties of semiconductor surfaces can be modified by the deposition of metal clusters consisting of a few atoms. The properties of metal clusters and of cluster-modified surfaces depend on the number of atoms forming the clusters. Deposition of clusters with a monodisperse size distribution thus allows tailoring of the surface properties for technical applications. However, it is a challenge to retain the size of the clusters after their deposition due to the tendency of the clusters to agglomerate. The agglomeration can be inhibited by covering the metal cluster modified surface with a thin metal oxide overlayer. In the present work, phosphine-protected Au clusters, Au9(PPh3)8(NO3)3, were deposited onto RF-sputter deposited TiO2 films and subsequently covered with a Cr2O3 film only a few monolayers thick. The samples were then heated to 200 °C to remove the phosphine ligands, which is a lower temperature than that required to remove thiolate ligands from Au clusters. It was found that the Cr2O3 covering layer inhibited cluster agglomeration at an Au cluster coverage of 0.6% of a monolayer. When no protecting Cr2O3 layer was present, the clusters were found to agglomerate to a large degree on the TiO2 surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number164702
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2021


  • semiconductor surfaces
  • metal clusters
  • Au9 clusters
  • phosphine
  • TiO2 films


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