Cryopreservation of sperm from wild greenlip abalone (Haliotis laevigata) in Australia

Wenjun Zhu, Xiaoxu Li, Dan Qu, Yibing Liu, Steven Clarke

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    11 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Greenlip abalone (Haliotis laevigata) is one of the most economically valuable marine molluscan species in Australia and its aquaculture production comprises more than 50% of the total production of farmed abalone in this country. The development of a cryopreservation technique for this species will in particular enhance the efficiency of the established genetic improvement programs and thus the long-term development of this aquaculture industry. In this study, a series of experiments have been conducted to investigate factors important for the development of sperm cryopreservation techniques in this species, including the evaluation of (1) cryoprotectant toxicity; (2) pre-freezing temperature; (3) volume of sperm. +. cryoprotectant mixture in 2-mL cryovial; (4) sperm concentration; (5) cold storage duration; (6) thawing temperature; and (7) sperm to egg volume ratio on post-thaw sperm motility and/or fertility. The results show that 6% DMSO was the best among the cryoprotectants evaluated, resulting in a post-thaw fertilization rate similar to controls. Wild greenlip abalone sperm tolerated a reasonable range of conditions for most parameters crucial to the liquid nitrogen vapor cryopreservation method; pre-freezing temperature from 60 to 80. °C, duration of cold storage (for chemical equilibration) up to 1.5. h, and the thawed sperm/fresh egg ratio (by volume) up to 1:3. Although a 50. °C thawing temperature resulted in the highest fertilization rate of 95%, all the other temperatures evaluated (from 40 to 80. °C) produced a fertilization rate of 80% or higher. The use of the cryopreservation protocol established in this study will provide an alternative breeding technique to overcome key obstacles experienced in the existing genetic improvement programs.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)60-66
    Number of pages7
    JournalAquaculture
    Volume432
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2014

    Keywords

    • Haliotis laevigata
    • Sperm cryopreservation
    • Systematic evaluation
    • Wild greenlip abalone

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