CSR/ESG in Commercial Space Operations and the Artemis Accords

Francesco de Zwart, Stacey Henderson, John Culton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


With space activities increasingly dominated by commercial space actors, this chapter explores whether there is a need for Corporate Social Responsibility in space and what that might mean for large commercial space actors. With a focus on the Artemis Accords, this chapter concludes that corporate social responsibility and environment social governance areas, activities, principles, and disclosures risk being displaced with unintended consequences for the corporate shareholder purpose of corporate actors.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman Uses of Outer Space
Subtitle of host publicationReturn to the Moon
EditorsMelissa de Zwart, Stacey Henderson, John Culton, Deborah Turnbull, Amit Srivastava
Place of PublicationSingapore
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-19-9462-3
ISBN (Print)978-981-19-9461-6
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameIssues in Space
ISSN (Print)2662-902X
ISSN (Electronic)2662-9038


  • Space
  • Commercial space actors
  • Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Ethics


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