D2 lymphadenectomy is not only safe but necessary in the era of neoadjuvant chemotherapy

Shailesh V Shrikhande, Savio Barreto, Sanjay Talole, Kumar Vinchurkar, Somashekar Annaiah, Kunal Suradkar, Shaesta Mehta, Mahesh Goel

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Patients with locally advanced resectable gastric cancers are increasingly offered neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) following the MAGIC and REAL-2 trials. However, information on the toxicity of NACT, its effects on perioperative surgical outcomes and tumor response is not widely reported in literature.Methods: Analysis of a prospective database of gastric cancer patients undergoing radical D2 gastrectomy over 2 years was performed. Chemotherapy-related toxicity, perioperative outcomes and histopathological responses to NACT were analyzed. The data is presented and compared to a cohort of patients undergoing upfront surgery in the same time period.Results: In this study, 139 patients (42 female and 97 male patients, median age 53 years) with gastric adenocarcinoma received NACT. Chemotherapy-related toxicity was noted in 32% of patients. Of the 139 patients, 129 underwent gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy, with 12% morbidity and no mortality. Major pathological response of primary tumor was noted in 22 patients (17%). Of these 22 patients, lymph node metastases were noted in 12 patients. The median blood loss and lymph node yield was not significantly different to the 62 patients who underwent upfront surgery. Patients who underwent upfront surgery were older (58 vs. 52 years, P <0.02), had a higher number of distal cancers (63% vs. 82%, P <0.015) and a longer hospital stay (11 vs. 9 days, P <0.001).Conclusions: Perioperative outcomes of gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy for locally advanced, resectable gastric cancer were not influenced by NACT. The number of lymph nodes harvested was unaltered by NACT but, more pertinently, metastases to lymph nodes were noted even in patients with a major pathological response of the primary tumor. D2 lymphadenectomy should be performed in all patients irrespective of the degree of response to NACT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • D2 lymphadenectomy
  • Gastrectomy
  • Gastric cancer
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy

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