Dark respiration rates are not determined by differences in mitochondrial capacity, abundance and ultrastructure in C4 leaves

Yuzhen Fan, Andrew P. Scafaro, Shinichi Asao, Robert T. Furbank, Antony Agostino, David A. Day, Susanne von Caemmerer, Florence R. Danila, Melanie Rug, Daryl Webb, Jiwon Lee, Owen K. Atkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our understanding of the regulation of respiration in C4 plants, where mitochondria play different roles in the different types of C4 photosynthetic pathway, remains limited. We examined how leaf dark respiration rates (Rdark), in the presence and absence of added malate, vary in monocots representing the three classical biochemical types of C4 photosynthesis (NADP-ME, NAD-ME and PCK) using intact leaves and extracted bundle sheath strands. In particular, we explored to what extent rates of Rdark are associated with mitochondrial number, volume and ultrastructure. Based on examination of a single species per C4 type, we found that the respiratory response of NAD-ME and PCK type bundle sheath strands to added malate was associated with differences in mitochondrial number, volume, and/or ultrastructure, while NADP-ME type bundle sheath strands did not respond to malate addition. In general, mitochondrial traits reflected the contributions mitochondria make to photosynthesis in the three C4 types. However, despite the obvious differences in mitochondrial traits, no clear correlation was observed between these traits and Rdark. We suggest that Rdark is primarily driven by cellular maintenance demands and not mitochondrial composition per se, in a manner that is somewhat independent of mitochondrial organic acid cycling in the light.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1257-1269
Number of pages13
JournalPlant Cell and Environment
Volume45
Issue number4
Early online date19 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • bundle sheath
  • C photosynthetic pathway
  • C plants
  • mitochondria
  • mitochondrial ultrastructure
  • respiration

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