Delayed Gastric Emptying Following Laparoscopic Repair of Very Large Hiatus Hernias Impairs Quality of Life

David S. Liu, Chek Tog, Hou K. Lim, Peter Stiven, Sarah K. Thompson, David I Watson, Ahmad Aly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) following hiatus hernia surgery may affect a substantial number of patients with adverse clinical consequences. Here, we aim to evaluate the impact of DGE following laparoscopic repair of very large hiatus hernias on patients’ quality of life, gastrointestinal symptomatology, and daily function. Methods: Analysis of data collected from a multicenter prospective randomised trial of patients who underwent laparoscopic mesh versus sutured repair of very large hiatus hernias (>50% of stomach in chest). DGE was defined as gastric food retention visualised at endoscopy after 6 h of fasting at 6 months post-surgery. Quality of life (QOL), gastrointestinal symptomatology, and daily function were assessed with the SF-36 questionnaire, Visick scoring and structured surveys administered prior to surgery and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery. Results: Nineteen of 102 (18.6%) patients had DGE 6 months after surgery. QOL questionnaires were completed in at least 80% of patients across all time points. Compared with controls, the DGE group demonstrated significantly lower SF-36 physical component scores, delayed improvement in health transition, more adverse gastrointestinal symptoms, higher Visick scores and a slower rate of return to normal daily activities. These differences were still present 12 months after surgery. Conclusions: DGE following large hiatus hernia repair is associated with a negative impact on quality of life at follow-up to 12 months after surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1833-1840
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Volume42
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • delayed gastric emptying
  • post-surgery
  • laproscopic repair
  • Hiatus hernias

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