The Saccharomyces cerevisiae SEC65 gene encodes a 32 kDa subunit of yeast signal recognition particle that is homologous to human SRP19. Sequence comparisons suggest that the yeast protein comprises three distinct domains. The central domain (residues 98-171) exhibits substantial sequence similarity to the 144 residue SRP19. In contrast, the N-terminal and C-terminal domains (residues 1-97 and 172-273 respectively) share no similarity to SRP19, with the exception of a cluster of positively charged residues at the extreme C-terminus of both proteins. Here, we report the cloning of a Sec65p homologue from the yeast Candida albicans that shares the same extended domain structure as its S. cerevisiae counterpart. This conservation of sequence is reflected at the functional level, as the C. albicans gene can complement the conditional lethal sec65-1 mutation in S. cerevisiae. In order to examine the role of the N- and C- terminal domains in Sec65p function, we have engineered truncation mutants of S. cerevisiae SEC65 and tested these for complementing activity in vivo and for SRP integrity in vitro. These studies indicate that a minimal Sec65p comprising residues 76-209, which includes the entire central SRP19-like domain, is sufficient for SRP function in yeast.