Depressive symptoms predict decline in perceptual speed in older adulthood

Allison Bielak, D Gerstorf, Kim Kiely, Kaarin Anstey, Mary Luszcz

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    37 Citations (Scopus)


    Depressive symptoms and cognitive decline are associated in older age, but research is inconsistent about whether one condition influences the development of the other. We examined the directionality of relations between depressive symptoms and perceptual speed using bivariate dual change score models. Assessments of depressive symptoms and perceptual speed were completed by 1,206 nondemented older adults at baseline, and after 2, 8, 11, and 15 years. After controlling for age, education, baseline general cognitive ability, and self-reported health, allowing depressive symptoms to predict subsequent change in perceptual speed provided the best fit. More depressive symptoms predicted subsequently stronger declines in perceptual speed over time lags of 1 year.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)576-583
    Number of pages8
    JournalPsychology and Aging
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2011


    • Cognitive decline
    • Coupling
    • Depressive symptoms
    • Perceptual speed
    • Temporal relations


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