This study used Fluorescent in situ Hybridisation (FISH) with rRNA targeted oligonucleotide probes combined with scanning confocal laser microscopy to successfully detect Legionella spp. in commercially available potting mix. A range of techniques were explored to optimise the FISH method by reducing background fluorescence and preventing non-specific binding of probes. These techniques included the use of a blocking agent, UV light treatment, image subtraction of a nonsense probe and spectral unmixing of specific probes fluorescence and autofluorescence dependent on the specific emission spectra of probe fluorophores.Spectral unmixing was the best microscopy technique for reducing background fluorescence and non-specific binding of probes was not observed. The rapid turnaround time and increased sensitivity of the FISH provides as an alternative to traditional culture methods, which are tedious and often give varied results. FISH is also advantageous compared to PCR methods as it provides information on the structure of the microbial community the bacteria is situated in. This study demonstrates that FISH could provide an alternative method for Legionella detection and enumeration in environmental samples.
- Fluorescent in situ Hybridisation (FISH)
- Legionella longbeachae
- Legionella spp.
- Potting mix