Detection of novel secondary metabolites

Christopher M.M. Franco, Louis E.L. Coutinho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of antibiotics and other fermentation products has shown that a seemingly unlimited number of compounds with diverse structures are produced by microorganisms. The continued high rate of discovery of new chemical entities, in the light of the abundance of microbial products already described, is due to creative screening procedures that incorporate such features as the emphasis on unusual microorganisms, their special propagation and fermentation requirements, supersensitive and highly selective assays, genetic engineering both for the biosynthesis of new compounds and in the development of screening systems, early in vivo evaluation, improved isolation techniques, modern procedures for structure determination, computer-assisted identification, and an efficient mutidisciplinary approach. This review focuses on the genesis and development of the gamut of methodologies that have led to the successful detection of the wide variety of novel secondary metabolites that include antibacterial, antigungal, antiviral and antitumour antibiotics, enzyme inhibitors, pharmacologically and immunologically active agents, products useful in agriculture and animal husbandry, microbial regulators, and other compounds for which no bioactive role has yet been found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-276
Number of pages84
JournalCRITICAL REVIEWS IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibiotics
  • Detection
  • Microorganisms
  • Screening
  • Secondary metabolites

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