Determination of preoperative risk factors for iliopsoas tendonitis after total hip arthroplasty: A simulation study

Max Hardwick-Morris, Joshua Twiggs, Brad Miles, Rami M.A. Al-Dirini, Mark Taylor, Jitendra Balakumar, William L. Walter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aims to identify preoperative risk factors for iliopsoas tendonitis after total hip arthroplasty, a complication typically attributed to acetabular cup position and orientation, using a validated iliopsoas impingement detection simulation. Analyzing CT scans and X-rays of 448 patients using a validated preoperative planning protocol, patients were simulated for iliopsoas impingement and categorized into at-risk and not at-risk groups based on a prior validation study, with a 23% at-risk incidence. Implementing a propensity score matching algorithm to reduce covariate imbalance, we identified factors that may exacerbate risk of iliopsoas tendonitis. Parameters that were investigated included standing pelvic tilt, functional femoral rotation, and the difference between the planned acetabular cup diameter and native femoral head diameter (ΔC-NFH). Comparing pelvic tilt, we found a significant difference between the groups (at-risk: −6.0°, not at-risk: −0.7°; p << 0.01). A similar trend was noted for ΔC-NFH (at-risk: +5.7 mm, not at-risk: +5.1 mm; p = 0.01). Additional simulations of at-risk patients indicated increased anteversion of the acetabular cup reduces impingement risk more effectively than medialisation. These findings suggest that spinopelvic parameters may exacerbate iliopsoas irritation risk, underscoring their importance in preoperative planning and patient expectation management. Similar findings of a greater than 6 mm difference between cup size and native femoral head diameter being a significant risk for iliopsoas tendonitis have been observed before, underscoring its potential veracity. These results may provide surgeons with a simple threshold that can be used in determining a cup size to reduce the risk of iliopsoas tendonitis.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Early online date8 Apr 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • arthroplasty—hip
  • hip
  • modeling
  • muscle

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