Developing resident-sensitive quality measures: A model from pediatric emergency medicine

Daniel J. Schumacher, Eric S. Holmboe, Cees Van Der Vleuten, Jamiu O. Busari, Carol Carraccio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose To begin closing the gap with respect to quality measures available for use among residents, the authors sought to identify and develop resident-sensitive quality measures (RSQMs) for use in the pediatric emergency department (PED) setting. Method In May 2016, the authors reviewed National Quality Measures Clearinghouse (NQMC) measures to identify resident-sensitive measures. To create additional measures focused on common, acute illnesses (acute asthma exacerbation, bronchiolitis, closed head injury [CHI]) in the PED, the authors used a nominal group technique (NGT) and Delphi process from September to December 2016. To achieve a local focus for developing these measures, all NGT and Delphi participants were from Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Delphi participants rated measures developed through the NGT in two areas: importance of measure to quality care and likelihood that measure represents the work of a resident. Results The review of NQMC measures identified 28 of 183 as being potentially resident sensitive. The NGT produced 67 measures for asthma, 46 for bronchiolitis, and 48 for CHI. These were used in the first round of the Delphi process. After two rounds, 18 measures for asthma, 21 for bronchiolitis, and 21 for CHI met automatic inclusion criteria. In round three, participants categorized the potential final measures by their top 10 and next 5. Conclusions This study describes a template for identifying and developing RSQMs that may promote high-quality care delivery during and following training. Next steps should include implementing and seeking validity evidence for the locally developed measures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1071-1078
Number of pages8
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


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