SIGNIFICANCE This study develops psychometrically valid item banks across 10 areas of quality of life (QoL) specific to people with hereditary retinal diseases, which will enable clinicians and researchers to explore the impact of hereditary retinal diseases across all aspects of QoL. PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of hereditary retinal disease QoL item banks using Rasch analysis and demonstrate the effectiveness of a computerized adaptive testing (CAT) system in obtaining precise measurement of QoL using only a few items. METHODS The hereditary retinal disease item banks were answered by 233 participants (median age, 58 years; range, 18 to 94 years; female participants, 59%). The hereditary retinal disease item banks cover 10 QoL domains: activity limitation, mobility, emotional, social, convenience, economic, health concerns, visual symptoms, ocular comfort symptoms, and general symptoms. Rasch analysis assessed the psychometric properties of the 10 item banks and provided item calibrations for the development of CAT. Computerized adaptive testing simulations were performed to calculate the average number of items required to gain precise measurement of each QoL domain. RESULTS The convenience, economic, visual symptoms, and the social domains formed unidimensional scales. However, the activity limitation and health concerns domains demonstrated multidimensionality and required major modifications to resolve this, which resulted in four new QoL domains, namely, reading, driving, lighting, and concerns about the disease progression. In total, 10 item banks underwent CAT simulation testing, which indicated that 8 to 12 items were required to gain precise measurement of each QoL domain. CONCLUSIONS We have developed 10 psychometrically valid item banks to measure the QoL domains relevant to people with hereditary retinal diseases. On average, only 5 and 10 items were required to gain measurement at moderate and high precision, respectively.