Development of a core outcome set for interventions to prevent stillbirth

Bobae V. Kim, Edoardo C. Amorataris, Philippa Middleton, Rosemary Townsend, Shakila Thangaratinam, James M. N. Duffy, Willem deLint, Suzette Coat, Vicki Flenady, Asma Khalil, Ben W. Mol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


AimsTo develop a core outcome set for trials investigating interventions to prevent stillbirth.Materials & MethodsOutcomes identified from a systematic literature review and semi-structured interviews with parents in Australia and the UK were entered into a two-round online Delphi survey and focus group/consensus meetings.ResultsA core outcome set containing 11 outcomes in two categories. Five outcomes were related to the mother; fetal loss, onset of and mode of delivery, maternal mortality or near miss, psychological and social impact on the women, women's knowledge. Six outcomes were related to the baby; timing of stillbirth, neonatal mortality, gestational age at delivery, birthweight, congenital anomaly, NICU/SCBU or other higher-level neonatal care length of stay.ConclusionsImplementation and dissemination of this core outcome set in future trials will contribute towards coordinated outcome reporting and advancing usefulness of research to guide clinical practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)658-666
Number of pages9
JournalThe Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Issue number5
Early online date1 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021


  • Core outcomes
  • core outcome set
  • Delphi
  • Stillbirth


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