Development of Classification Criteria for the Uveitides

for the Standardization of Uveitis Nomenclature (SUN) Working Group, Justine Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


To develop classification criteria for 25 of the most common uveitides.

Machine learning using 5,766 cases of 25 uveitides.

Cases were collected in an informatics-designed preliminary database. Using formal consensus techniques, a final database was constructed of 4,046 cases achieving supermajority agreement on the diagnosis. Cases were analyzed within uveitic class and were split into a training set and a validation set. Machine learning used multinomial logistic regression with lasso regularization on the training set to determine a parsimonious set of criteria for each disease and to minimize misclassification rates. The resulting criteria were evaluated in the validation set. Accuracy of the rules developed to express the machine learning criteria was evaluated by a masked observer in a 10% random sample of cases.

Overall accuracy estimates by uveitic class in the validation set were as follows: anterior uveitides 96.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 92.4, 98.6); intermediate uveitides 99.3% (95% CI 96.1, 99.9); posterior uveitides 98.0% (95% CI 94.3, 99.3); panuveitides 94.0% (95% CI 89.0, 96.8); and infectious posterior uveitides / panuveitides 93.3% (95% CI 89.1, 96.3). Accuracies of the masked evaluation of the “rules” were anterior uveitides 96.5% (95% CI 91.4, 98.6) intermediate uveitides 98.4% (91.5, 99.7), posterior uveitides 99.2% (95% CI 95.4, 99.9), panuveitides 98.9% (95% CI 94.3, 99.8), and infectious posterior uveitides / panuveitides 98.8% (95% CI 93.4, 99.9).

The classification criteria for these 25 uveitides had high overall accuracy (ie, low misclassification rates) and seemed to perform well enough for use in clinical and translational research.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-105
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Early online date20 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Uveitides
  • classification criteria


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