Non-bleachable (SO2-resistant) pigment formation in wine is related to the concentration of grape-derived anthocyanin and tannin, but their relative impact on the formation and composition of SO2-resistant pigments is poorly understood. Colour development during fermentation and ageing was analysed in two wines produced from grape batches with different anthocyanin and tannin concentrations. Higher anthocyanin and tannin concentrations extracted during fermentation were associated with increased wine colour density, total SO2-resistant pigments and SO2-resistant polymeric pigment. During ageing, wine colour density decreased, but differences between the respective wine treatments were retained. Wine tannin concentration was unchanged with age, anthocyanin decreased, and SO2-resistant pigments increased. Fractionation of wines indicated that SO2-resistant pigments in both polymeric and non-polymeric forms increased with ageing. Increases in tannin pigmentation over time were associated with decreased tannin molecular mass, reflecting the conversion of tannin to lower molecular mass pigmented polymers. The formation of polymeric pigment during ageing was related to the initial wine tannin concentration. However, non-polymeric forms of SO2-resistant pigments increased to a greater extent in wines with higher initial anthocyanin and tannin concentrations. The data suggests that both polymeric and low molecular mass anthocyanin derivatives are important for stable wine colour development.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||LEBENSMITTEL-WISSENSCHAFT UND-TECHNOLOGIE-FOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2014|
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- Polymeric pigment