Diabetic macular oedema: clinical risk factors and emerging genetic influences

Ebony Liu, Jamie Craig, Kathryn Burdon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Diabetic macular oedema is the major cause of visual impairment in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. As type 2 diabetes becomes more prevalent worldwide, the prevalence of diabetic macular oedema is also expected to rise. Current management of diabetic macular oedema is challenging, expensive and not optimal in a subset of patients. Therefore, it is important to increase our understanding of the risk factors involved and develop preventative strategies. While clinical risk factors for diabetic macular oedema have been identified, few studies have addressed potential genetic risk factors. Epidemiology and family studies suggest genetic influences are of importance. In this review, we summarise known clinical risk factors, as well as discuss the small number of genetic studies that have been performed for diabetic macular oedema.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)569-576
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Optometry
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017


  • diabetes
  • retinopathy


Dive into the research topics of 'Diabetic macular oedema: clinical risk factors and emerging genetic influences'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this