A young child presents to their primary health provider with fever and irritability. How likely is a urinary tract infection? How should a urine sample be collected? How accurate are urinary dipsticks and microscopy compared with culture for the diagnosis? What route and type of antibiotics should be used? What imaging is indicated? Diagnosing and treating children with urinary tract infection presents many questions. This review summarises the most relevant recent primary studies, systematic reviews and guidelines.
- Urinary Tract Infections