Diagnosis of dorsal screw penetration after volar plating of a distal radial fracture: Intraoperative dorsal tangential views versus 3D fluoroscopy

David W.G. Langerhuizen, Minke Bergsma, Caroline A. Selles, Ruurd L. Jaarsma, J. Carel Goslings, Niels W.L. Schep, Job N. Doornberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate whether intraoperative 3D fluoroscopic imaging outperforms dorsal tangential views in the detection of dorsal cortex screw penetration after volar plating of an intra-articular distal radial fracture, as identified on postoperative CT imaging. METHODS: A total of 165 prospectively enrolled patients who underwent volar plating for an intra-articular distal radial fracture were retrospectively evaluated to study three intraoperative imaging protocols: 1) standard 2D fluoroscopic imaging with anteroposterior (AP) and elevated lateral images (n = 55); 2) 2D fluoroscopic imaging with AP, lateral, and dorsal tangential views images (n = 50); and 3) 3D fluoroscopy (n = 60). Multiplanar reconstructions of postoperative CT scans served as the reference standard. RESULTS: In order to detect dorsal screw penetration, the sensitivity of dorsal tangential views was 39% with a negative predictive value (NPV) of 91% and an accuracy of 91%; compared with a sensitivity of 25% for 3D fluoroscopy with a NPV of 93% and an accuracy of 93%. On the postoperative CT scans, we found penetrating screws in: 1) 40% of patients in the 2D fluoroscopy group; 2) in 32% of those in the 2D fluoroscopy group with AP, lateral, and dorsal tangential views; and 3) in 25% of patients in the 3D fluoroscopy group. In all three groups, the second compartment was prone to penetration, while the postoperative incidence decreased when more advanced imaging was used. There were no penetrating screws in the third compartment (extensor pollicis longus groove) in the 3D fluoroscopy groups, and one in the dorsal tangential views group. CONCLUSION: Advanced intraoperative imaging helps to identify screws which have penetrated the dorsal compartments of the wrist. However, based on diagnostic performance characteristics, one cannot conclude that 3D fluoroscopy outperforms dorsal tangential views when used for this purpose. Dorsal tangential views are sufficiently accurate to detect dorsal screw penetration, and arguably more efficacious than 3D fluoroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)874-880
Number of pages7
JournalThe bone & joint journal
Volume102-B
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 3D fluoroscopy
  • 3DF
  • Distal Radius
  • Distal Radius Fracture
  • Dorsal screw penetration
  • Dorsal Tangential View
  • Volar plating

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Diagnosis of dorsal screw penetration after volar plating of a distal radial fracture: Intraoperative dorsal tangential views versus 3D fluoroscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this