Early diagnosis of lysosomal storage, disorders (LSDs), before the onset of irreversible pathologies, will be a key factor in the development of effective therapies for many of these disorders. Newborn screening offers a potential mechanism for the early detection of these disorders. From studies of both normal and LSD-affected human skin fibroblasts we identified the lysosome-associated membrane protein LAMP-1 as a potential diagnostic marker. We have developed a sensitive method for the quantification of this protein with a time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay. A soluble form of LAMP-1 was observed in plasma samples, and determination of 152 unaffected individuals gave a median value of 303 μg/L with the 5th and 95th percentile at 175 and 448 μg/L respectively. Plasma samples from 320 LSD-affected individuals representing 25 different disorders were assayed. We observed that 17 of the 25 disorder groups tested had >88% of individuals above the 95th percentile of the control population, with 12 groups having 100% above the 95th percentile. Overall, 72% of patients had LAMP-1 concentrations above the 95th percentile of the unpartitioned control population. We suggest that LAMP-1 may be a useful marker in newborn screening for LSDs.
- Blood spot
- Guthrie card
- Skin fibroblast
- Time-resolved fluorescence immunoassay