Dietary fibers differ in their effects on large bowel epithelial proliferation and fecal fermentation-dependent events in rats

M. Folino, A. McIntyre, G. P. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of different fiber types and processing on putative protective mechanisms for colorectal cancer were evaluated. Rats were fed diets of similar nutrient balance containing either no added fiber or 10% fiber from various sources. The rate of distal colonic epithelial proliferation, measured by the metaphase arrest method, was dependent on fiber type; ranking of fibers from highest to lowest yielded the following order: methylcellulose > coarse wheat bran > fine wheat bran ≃ parboiled and extruded rice brans > no fiber (P = 0.012). Effect on stool output ranked identically. Ranking of effect en fecal pH, from most to least acidic was as follows: coarse wheat bran ≃ the rice brans > fine wheat bran > no fiber ≃ methylcellulose (P = 0.00001). Coarse wheat bran gave significantly higher fecal butyrate concentrations than did the rice brans, which in turn gave higher levels than fine wheat bran, methylcellulose and the no-fiber diet. Proximal colon epithelial proliferation was unaffected by diet although cecal short-chain fatty acid concentrations and pH were affected. Different fibers have different effects on events in the fecal environment and distal colonic epithelium. Putative protective events (increased output, low fecal pH, high butyrate, low proliferation) are not equally affected and are unlikely in themselves to allow prediction of the protective effect of a fiber.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1521-1528
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume125
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • butyrate
  • colorectal cancer
  • epithelial proliferation
  • fiber
  • large bowel
  • rats

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