Dietary non-protein energy source regulates antioxidant status and immune response of barramundi (Lates calcarifer)

Rui Yang, Xu Chen, Jian G. Qin, Zhifeng Gu, Zhenhua Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study evaluates the effects of different dietary sources of non-protein energy on growth performance, histological structure, antioxidant status and immune response of barramundi Lates calcarifer. Fish were fed with isoenergetic diets (18 kJ/g) with two types of non-protein energy in the experimental groups and a regular diet was used as the control for 56 days. The specific growth rate and survival of fish were not significantly different between experimental diets. Hepatic histology did not reveal significant differences between dietary treatments at cellular level. The activity of most antioxidant enzymes in the lipid group significantly increased, and the antioxidant capacity in the carbohydrate group was significantly higher than that in other treatments. In the TOR pathway, LST8 homolog (mLST8) expression in the high lipid group was downregulated, and the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) expression in the high carbohydrate group was downregulated and eIF4E expression was upregulated. The C-reactive protein (CRP) expression in the high lipid and high carbohydrate groups was upregulated. The expression levels of heat shock protein genes in the high lipid group and the high carbohydrate group were significantly downregulated. This study indicates that the lipid diet have less effect in fish immunity but is more suitable as a non-protein ingredient for energy supply for barramundi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-704
Number of pages8
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Antioxidant status
  • Growth performance
  • Histology
  • Immune responses
  • Lates calcarifer
  • Non-protein energy source

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