Dieting in moderation: The role of dietary restraint in the relationship between body dissatisfaction and psychological well-being

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    Abstract

    This study demonstrates the substantial conceptual consequences in distinguishing a variable's role as a moderator as opposed to a mediator. In particular, the study investigates the role of dietary restraint in the relationship between body dissatisfaction and psychological well-being. Path analyses showed that, in addition to its mediating role, dietary restraint has a moderating role, such that there is a stronger relationship between body dissatisfaction and psychological well-being when dietary restraint is high than when dietary restraint is low. In contrast, gender had only a direct effect on weight dissatisfaction. It was concluded that the same processes occur for both men and for women, whereby it is the individuals who diet who suffer loss of psychological well-being.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)501-507
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Health Psychology
    Volume2
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1997

    Keywords

    • Dietary restraint
    • Moderator variable
    • Psychological wellbeing

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